Criticality Of Optimum Water Content for Crops
Excess Or Less Moisture Is The Most Detrimental Factor In Farming
From the germination of seeds to the process of photosynthesis by which plants prepare their food, every stage of the life cycle of the plants, the role of water is the most critical factor.
Plants take in nutrients from the soil only in a solution form. It acts as a reagent in various reactions in plant cells. Water also maintains the plant structure by providing the appropriate pressure to the plant tissues. Soil water thus is essential for the survival of the plants.
Without the proper balance of water in the soil, the plant is malnourished and physically weak. If the soil has excess water, the plant roots can rot or deteriorate the development of healthy roots, thus, decreases its ability to take up water and enough oxygen through its roots. It is critical especially at the growing stage of the plant.
The plant needs not only optimum moisture but also a proper balance of water and large quantities of oxygen in the soil for respiration. Less than 10% oxygen in soil limits the root growth of most plants. Oxygen deficiency is one of the most influential environmental factors causing stress, reduced growth, injury, and in some, it causes the death of the plants.
When soil does not have enough water, plants get wilted. In extreme cases, Permanent Wilting Point reaches when there is not sufficient water available to the plant for a while. A dry environment will pull moisture out of the plant and insufficient water will prevent nutrients from reaching the ends of the plant. Wilting diminishes the plant’s ability to transpire and grow. Permanent wilting may lead to plant death.
By maintaining optimum moisture, plants will get enough water and oxygen from the soil and automatically results in better growth and improve the quality & quantity of yield. Most importantly, it will increase the profit and reduce the production cost of the growers. Therefore, the need of the hour is that the growers must optimize their water use efficiency.
Practicing traditional methods for irrigation causes challenges like drought, excess evaporation, salinization, groundwater depletion, and lack of access to water reserves. These factors are getting served in India day by day.
12% of the Indian population is already living in the “Day Zero” situation. The Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) report states that by 2030 (hardly 10 years from now), India’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people.
The World Bank predicts that by 2032, around 60 percent of aquifers in the country will be in a critical state. (Ref. India’s Groundwater Crisis: The Consequences of Unsustainable Pumping Caleb Gorton, Research Assistant, Global Food and Water Crises Research Programme,2015)
At KonceptogenAgro, we are passionate about innovation and technology to simplify Precision Farming to improve the yield & reduce the production cost of our growers.
We are proudly associated with the premier technical & agricultural institutes and the Scientists to develop, manufacture & market devices to ease evidence-based decision-making of the farmers and the Agro-Consultants.
geoBHUMI is the long-awaited solution for Depth Profile Soil Moisture Management & precision farming for farmers
(geoBHUMI conceptualized, designed & developed in technical collaboration with Indian Institute of Technology – Bombay, Mumbai)
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