Importance Of Regular Measurement & Controlled Soil Temperature For Better Yield
Soil Temperature is one of the four main functions controlling plant growth in addition to water, nutrients, and light in the commencement of growth, rate of growth, and cessation of growth. It also greatly influences aeration and soil moisture content.
Soil temperature, light, and moisture all work together trigger seed germination. When the soil is cold, the seed may not germinate in the ground. If it does, it may be weak and lack of strength and vigor needed to develop properly and may be at greater risk of succumbing to
pests and disease.
Soil temperature controls the development of plumose and the radicle when the plant grows. It influences photosynthesis and respiration of the plant and also the growth of roots and absorption of nutrients by them.
The high temperature in soils is also not good. If the sun heats the soil surface with high temperatures it’s uncomfortable for most plants.
Soil temperature is one of the most important environmental factors known to affect the growth of microorganisms and the biological activity of soils which is critical to decomposing organic residues and recycling soil nutrients.
Many factors affect soil temperature :
Soil type: Sandy and loam-based soils generally heat up much more quickly than the heavier clay soils.
Weather and season: In a warm climate or summer, the soil has maximum chemical and physical activities than in a cold environment.
The slope of the land: Direction the soil faces affects the temperature of the soil.
Plant cover: Insulate from fast heating or cooling of the soil.
Soil Organic Matter: high soil organic matter buffers temperature extremes and initiates microbial activity and can deliver warmer conditions when the soil temperature drops.
Soil water: Wet soil will be cooler as it takes away a lot of energy to heat water. Wet soils take longer to heat up in summer that is well-drained
Microbial activity: Microbial activity can also generate heat. Therefore, high soil microbial activity ensures warmer soil during cold temperatures
Most often Soil Temperature is not measured and given required attention though it plays one of the most important roles in microbial function in the soil, which in turn drives plant growth.
With optimum microbial activity, farmers can improve soil physical conditions, which in turn influences the plant growth leading to better water movement, air movement, and nutrient movement. If the soil temperature is regularly measured and controlled, farmers can have better quality and quantity of yield.
Precise 24X7 field information, i.e., constant monitoring soil moisture content at the active root zone of the crop, Soil Temperature, Air Temperature, and Air Humidity will help the farmers to decide when to
irrigate & how much water to irrigate and tackle these challenges still delivering higher and better yields, even with much lesser water.
At KonceptogenAgro, we are passionate about innovation and technology to simplify Precision Farming to improve the yield & reduce the production cost of our growers.
We are proudly associated with the premier technical & agricultural institutes and the Scientists to develop, manufacture market devices to ease evidence-based decision-making of the farmers and the Agro-Consultants.
geoBHUMI is the long-awaited solution for Depth Profile Soil Moisture Management & precision farming for farmers
geoBHUMI conceptualized, designed & developed in technical collaboration with Indian Institute of Technology – Bombay, Mumbai
For more details, please write to email@example.com or call + 91 985095 55503 / 983341 7576